Causality (also referred to as 'causation', or 'cause and effect') is the agency or efficacy that connects one process (the cause) with another (the effect), where the first is understood to be partly responsible for the second. In general, a process has many causes, which are said to be causal factors for it, and all lie in its past. An effect can in turn be a cause of many other effects, which all lie in its future.
Causality is an abstraction that indicates how the world progresses, so basic a concept that it is more apt as an explanation of other concepts of progression than as something to be explained by others more basic. The concept is like those of agency and efficacy. For this reason, a leap of intuition may be needed to grasp it. Accordingly, causality is built into the conceptual structure of ordinary language.
In Aristotelian philosophy, the word 'cause' is also used to mean 'explanation' or 'answer to a why question', including Aristotle's material, formal, efficient, and final "causes"; then the "cause" is the explanans for the explanandum. In this case, failure to recognize that different kinds of "cause" are being considered can lead to futile debate. Of Aristotle's four explanatory modes, the one nearest to the concerns of the present article is the "efficient" one.
"There is a positive causal relationship between the size of HDL cholesterol particles and the risk of heart attack, so although we have to increase the levels of good cholesterol in the blood, they must always be small particles", explained the study's principal investigator, Dr ...
Another coronavirus vaccine is one step closer to joining the fight against the pandemic in the U.S. — and this one only requires a single shot. A U.S ... 17 ... Here’s why ... The company said these events are “possibly related to the vaccine,” but “data at this time are insufficient to determine a causal relationship between these events and the vaccine.” ... .
WASHINGTON, Feb ... expert on China has said. "China's poverty alleviation story is one of the great stories of the world ... Those who recognize China's unprecedented poverty-alleviation success must also "recognize its causal relationship" to China's system led by the CPC and a strong government, Kuhn said ... Enditem .
Read full article. Siddhant Pandey25 February 2021, 5.04 pm183;2-min read. Are you eligible for COVID-19 vaccination? Should you get it?. 25 Feb 2021 ... Eligibility ... "Very rare events of demyelinating disorders" have also been reported after vaccination with Covishield, albeit "without the causal relationship establishment.". Fact ... .
On Friday, the U.S ... The document did note that there were 15 thromboembolic events in the vaccine group, compared with 10 in the placebo group, and six reports of tinnitus in the vaccine group compared with none in the placebo group, but said that data were not sufficient “to determine a causal relationship between these events and the vaccine.” ... To.
Tokyo (CNN)With the Olympic games due to start in Tokyo in July, Japan had every reason to move quickly to approve a Covid-19 vaccine and begin inoculations ... JUST WATCHED ... Dr ... The VaccineAdverse Reactions Review Committee investigated the incidents and found no evidence to suggest a causal relationship between the adverse events and the HPV vaccine ... .
Here's what that could mean for you ... +34 ... Gen ... There appeared to be more incidents related to blood clotting and ringing in the ears among those people who got the vaccine in the trial, compared to those who didn't, but the FDA notes that "data at this time are insufficient to determine a causal relationship between these events and the vaccine." ... .
... work environments, along with gender and other complex factors, can influence relationships with alcohol ... The authors cautioned that due to the cross-sectional nature of the study, it was not possible to establish a causal relationship between alcohol consumption and occupation.
Of the respondents, 39 reported having experienced violence in their relationship, and 74 percent of those people were women ... “Importantly,” Cannon said, “these data do not suggest causality and there is no way to determine if intimate partner violence was present in those relationships prior to the pandemic.
... work environments, along with gender and other complex factors, can influence relationships with alcohol ... The researchers caution that due to the cross-sectional nature of the study, it was not possible to establish a causal relationship between alcohol consumption and occupation.
It could be an underestimate of the reduction," said Dr ... Overall, the study is observational and it suggests there is an association between positive Covid-19 antibody test results and a lower risk of infection some 90 days later -- but more research is needed to determine a causal relationship and for how long protection from antibodies may last ... .
A new study suggests that, while atheists and theists share moral values related to protecting vulnerable individuals, atheists are less likely to endorse values that promote group cohesion and more inclined to judge the morality of actions based on their consequences ...Future studies could further explore these potential causal relationships ... ....
5 press release, the Portuguese Ministry of Justice stated preliminary autopsy findings did not indicate "evidence of a causal relationship between (Acevedo's) death and the vaccine she received." ... but it is unknown whether these events are causally related to the vaccine.