Causality (also referred to as 'causation', or 'cause and effect') is the agency or efficacy that connects one process (the cause) with another (the effect), where the first is understood to be partly responsible for the second. In general, a process has many causes, which are said to be causal factors for it, and all lie in its past. An effect can in turn be a cause of many other effects, which all lie in its future.
Causality is an abstraction that indicates how the world progresses, so basic a concept that it is more apt as an explanation of other concepts of progression than as something to be explained by others more basic. The concept is like those of agency and efficacy. For this reason, a leap of intuition may be needed to grasp it. Accordingly, causality is built into the conceptual structure of ordinary language.
In Aristotelian philosophy, the word 'cause' is also used to mean 'explanation' or 'answer to a why question', including Aristotle's material, formal, efficient, and final "causes"; then the "cause" is the explanans for the explanandum. In this case, failure to recognize that different kinds of "cause" are being considered can lead to futile debate. Of Aristotle's four explanatory modes, the one nearest to the concerns of the present article is the "efficient" one.
There are trillions of microorganisms living inside us ... Particularly interesting was the relationship between gastrointestinal tumors and common Candida fungal species ... However, even in the absence of a causal relationship, understanding the fungal fingerprint of specific cancers could be an extraordinarily valuable diagnostic tool ... Sources ... .
This relationship also exists for mental health ... The relationship between the ... Of course, just because two things are associated doesn’t mean one is causing the other, but a review concluded there is strong evidence for a causal relationship between income inequality and health.
... a statement, adding that the findings “raise concerns regarding vaccine-induced undetected severe cardiovascular side effects and underscore the established causal relationship between vaccines and myocarditis, a frequent cause of unexpected cardiac arrest in young individuals.”.
The Causal AI revolution ... We are excited to launch this event in which everyone working to bring trustworthy AI to their organizations can understand the power of discovering real, causal relationships, and how that benefits decision-making in today’s complex global environment.”.
She said members of the crisis team had been “horrible” and “incredibly unpleasant” to her and her client ...Sally Mays (FamilyPA). PA. /. Sally Mays (FamilyPA). She said ... She said ... He said ... PA. / ... “The failure to admit her to an inpatient psychiatric bed constitutes neglect and this neglect bears a direct causal relationship to her death later that evening.”.
More On. Food. Three charged in $100M New Jersey deli fraud scheme ... analysts ... The nature of the association remains unclear, and longitudinal data are needed to clarify causal relationship,” the study said.Getty Images/ImageSource ... The nature of the association remains unclear, and longitudinal data are needed to clarify causal relationship.”.
The failure to admit (Sally) to an inpatient psychiatric bed constitutes neglect and this neglect bears a direct causal relationship to her death later that eveningCoroner's 2015 narrative conclusion ... bears a direct causal relationship to her death later that evening.”.
A leaked video reveals that in June, the researchers presented serious findings to the MOH, that indicated long-term effects, including some not listed by Pfizer, and a causal relationship – so the Ministry published a manipulative report, and told the public that no new signal was found.”.
Also Read ...Report ... Bhattacharya ... Prof ... Also Read ... Study. "These findings raise concerns regarding vaccine-induced undetected severe cardiovascular side effects and underscore the established causal relationship between vaccines and myocarditis, a frequent cause of unexpected cardiac arrest in young individuals,” said Sultan ... Sign Up ... Twitter ... YouTube.
Dr. Malhotra writes ... He writes. ... He concludes. ... Sherif Sultan said. ... These findings raise concerns regarding vaccine-induced undetected severe cardiovascular side-effects and underscore the established causal relationship between vaccines and myocarditis, a frequent cause of unexpected cardiac arrest in young individuals ... Dr ... Dr ... Dr ... Dr ... Dr ... Dr ... As Dr ... Dr ... Dr ... 3.
To receive Global Research’s Daily Newsletter (selected articles), click here. Follow us on Instagram and Twitter and subscribe to our TelegramChannel. Feel free to repost and share widely Global Research articles ... 14, 2020, and Sept ... 16, 2022 ... Reports submitted to VAERS require further investigation before a causal relationship can be confirmed ... U.S.
Only recently did Walensky finally concede that there is, in fact, a causal relationship between the mRNA (messenger RNA) jabs and myocarditis, a type of heart inflammation that is spreading particularly among young people who got jabbed.
It was the first known case that has recognized the causal relationship between the vaccine and its adverse effects ... Still, the KDCA refused to recognize the causal relationship because the man had a preexisting condition.
Yajia Li, from Central South University in Changsha, China, and colleagues used a mendelian randomization (MR) approach to examine whether there is a causal relationship between IBD and psoriasis ... Causal relationships were also observed for CD-psoriasis and CD-PsA (odds ratios, 1.1552 and 1.1407, respectively).
As the authors themselves write, “any attempts to speculate about causality should be made with extreme caution.” ... It will take more studies and analyses, designed specifically to investigate directional causal relationships between the two traits, to figure out precisely what might be behind the link.