Causality (also referred to as 'causation', or 'cause and effect') is the agency or efficacy that connects one process (the cause) with another (the effect), where the first is understood to be partly responsible for the second. In general, a process has many causes, which are said to be causal factors for it, and all lie in its past. An effect can in turn be a cause of many other effects, which all lie in its future.
Causality is an abstraction that indicates how the world progresses, so basic a concept that it is more apt as an explanation of other concepts of progression than as something to be explained by others more basic. The concept is like those of agency and efficacy. For this reason, a leap of intuition may be needed to grasp it. Accordingly, causality is built into the conceptual structure of ordinary language.
In Aristotelian philosophy, the word 'cause' is also used to mean 'explanation' or 'answer to a why question', including Aristotle's material, formal, efficient, and final "causes"; then the "cause" is the explanans for the explanandum. In this case, failure to recognize that different kinds of "cause" are being considered can lead to futile debate. Of Aristotle's four explanatory modes, the one nearest to the concerns of the present article is the "efficient" one.
Reports submitted to VAERS require further investigation before a causal relationship can be confirmed ...Current evidence “suggests a plausible causal association” with the J&J vaccine and cases of thrombosis with thrombocytopenia syndrome, Shimabukuro said.
Pediatricians Primed to Lead COVID Vaccination Efforts as KidsBecome Eligible. NBCNews reported. ... That’s a tall order for pediatricians who say they’re facing skyrocketing vaccine hesitancy among families ...Fox Business reported. ... Reports submitted to VAERS require further investigation before a causal relationship can be confirmed ... ....
The court denied any causal relationship between the debris removal work and his development of the various cancers, saying the latency period had already begun before he started working at the site ... At the court, TEPCO denied any causal relationship between the debris removal ...
In response to the FDA recommendation to monitor for facial paralysis following COVID-19 vaccination, and noting that the clinical trials did not establish a causal relationship, a team of French researchers explored the connection further using the World Health Organization (WHO) pharmacovigilance database, VigiBase.
A long-term poverty trend has been “solidifying” in Germany in recent decades, the sixth Wealth and PovertyReport published by the ministry for labor and social issues says ...There is no analysis of the structural relationship between poverty and wealth, the causal relationship between low wages and high profits, the analyst said.
THE wait is over ... With the newly delivered AZ vaccines, the City will resume first-dose vaccinations on Monday, May 17 ... 15 sites ... The DOH has been monitoring adverse effects following inoculation (AEFI) or untoward medical occurence that follows Covid-19 vaccination, which may not necessarily have a causal relationship with the use of the vaccine.
Filipino maids gather in Central...Photo. Liang xiashun/Imaginechina/AFP ... Adverse events ... The Expert Committee on Clinical Events Assessment Following Covid-19 Immunization concluded that seven death cases had no causal relationship with vaccinations, and preliminarily considered that 21 cases were not associated with vaccinations ... Photo ... Read ... ....
But is this correct? ... After looking at the U.S ... The paper's county-level analysis helps disentangle whether the relationship between increased stock wealth and economic activity is to an extent causal, or whether stock-price increases are merely foretelling economic activity occurring independently ... "Take Florida as an example," Simsek says ... DOI ... ....
In response to the FDA recommendation to monitor for facial paralysis following COVID-19 vaccination, and noting that the clinical trials did not establish a causal relationship, a team of French researchers explored the connection further using the World Health Organization pharmacovigilance database, VigiBase.2.
NEW DELHI. On May 1, the Indian government opened its vaccination drive against Covid -19 for all above 18 years ... However, some lingering questions about the vaccines still remain. Here are answers to some of them ... Very rare events of demyelinating disorders have been reported following vaccination but without the causal relationship establishment ... .
... the inherent complexity in determining a causal genetic relationship to variable mild-to-severe courses of COVID-19 infection.(3) Furthermore, these observations also suggest the intricate nature of host factors that shape the heterogeneous course of infection with SARS-CoV-2.
... causation and if not, why not? Can a causal relationship be established without an autopsy? If no, what happens in those cases where a report is filed but no autopsy was done — are those reports thrown out? Or is the vaccine ruled out as causing or contributing to the death?.
After the indecisiveness of March, the month of April has started a hot season of cryptocurrencies ... In April, our experts discussed a few major topics ... The growth of DeFi sector ... The continuing DeFi growth of 2021 ... Monthly recap ... If you want to dive deeper into the statistics and causal relationships, here is our April’s pick of the market analytics ... .